With world cup fever in full swing there are millions of people in the UK tuning in to follow their team (even my wife!). No doubt, with the number of teams participating, the injury list will start to rack up.
Injuries are an every day part of sport at all levels. The type and seriousness of the injury will greatly vary dependent on the sport and mechanism of injury. Some will be gone days and others will keep athletes out for months on end. Some unfortunate professionals will be out for even longer: Arsenal fans look away!! Here is an article about the result of an injury to Santi Cazorla’s anke, and the subsequent skin graft.
One of the challenges of injury rehabilitation is prevention of recurring (chronic) injuries.
As a busy private physiotherapy company based in Central London often the story is the same. Speak to any of our highly experienced physiotherapists and they will agree that most recurrent injuries have a common theme.
There are various factors that increase the risk of re-injury that are seen all to often. Some injuries will settle with time but without rehabilitation this is it will come back to bite you.
There are a number of risks factors that may be triggering an old or new injury:
- More is not always better. Strength/power/force is an integral component of all sports required in different quantities. Trying to increase your strength tolo quickly or without graded progression can often lead to muscle failure or tendon overload (tendinopathy). Having the wrong type of strength for the desired sport can also lead to injuries.
- This is a big one for endurance runners. To make physiological gain within your sport or training requires overload of the energy systems in the body. However, the gains made between training sessions are actually made in the recovery period. Therefore, sports drinks and food are so important after exercise. By not allowing your body to replenish its energy, fuel or to repair itself significantly increases your risk of injury
Poor Baseline condition
- Another common one. Often people try a new activity too soon or fast without some preconditioning strength or endurance training. This can lead to injuries such as a stress response from tendons, or muscle failure.
Poor movement control
- Sportsmen/women can often be fit and strong but lack in movement control. Quite common in running and after surgery. A reduction in balance, coordination and body awareness can lead to overloading muscles, joints and tendons. There is potential then to injure in any of these areas.
Poor training techniques
- The ability to perform a task such as run jump or hit a ball is made of lots of individual movements to complete the action. Often increasing speed will cause a reduction in technique. This can then overload areas of the body, resulting in undue stress in a particular area.
Avoiding warning signs
- Pushing through the pain is not always a sign of progression. It can be sign that the body is trying to protect itself from further injury. Often runners who train too often fall into this category. Less is sometimes more.